Petroleum cokeabbreviated coke or petcokeis a final carbon -rich solid material that derives from oil refiningand is one type of the group of fuels referred to as cokes.
Petcoke is the coke that, in particular, derives from a final cracking process—a thermo-based chemical engineering process that splits long chain hydrocarbons of petroleum into shorter chains—that takes place in units termed coker units. Stated succinctly, coke is the "carbonization product of high-boiling hydrocarbon fractions obtained in petroleum processing heavy residues. In petroleum coker units, residual oils from other distillation processes used in petroleum refining are treated at a high temperature and pressure leaving the petcoke after driving off gases and volatiles, and separating off remaining light and heavy oils.
These processes are termed "coking processes", and most typically employ chemical engineering plant operations for the specific process of delayed coking. This coke can either be fuel grade high in sulfur and metals or anode grade low in sulfur and metals. The raw coke directly out of the coker is often referred to as green coke.
How Much Does a 12-Pack of Soda Weigh?
The further processing of green coke by calcining in a rotary kiln removes residual volatile hydrocarbons from the coke. The calcined petroleum coke can be further processed in an anode baking oven to produce anode coke of the desired shape and physical properties. The anodes are mainly used in the aluminium and steel industry. As petcoke has a higher energy content, petcoke emits between 30 and 80 percent more CO 2 than coal per unit of weight. There are at least four basic types of petroleum coke, namely, needle coke, honeycomb coke, sponge coke and shot coke.
Different types of petroleum coke have different microstructures due to differences in operating variables and nature of feedstock. Significant differences are also to be observed in the properties of the different types of coke, particularly ash and volatile matter contents. Needle coke, also called acicular coke, is a highly crystalline petroleum coke used in the production of electrodes for the steel and aluminium industries and is particularly valuable because the electrodes must be replaced regularly.
Needle coke is produced exclusively from either fluid catalytic cracking FCC decant oil or coal tar pitch. Honeycomb coke is an intermediate coke, with ellipsoidal pores that are uniformly distributed. Compared to needle coke, honeycomb coke has a lower coefficient of thermal expansion and a lower electrical conductivity. Petcoke, altered through the process of calcined which it is heated or refined raw coke eliminates much of the component of the resource. Usually petcoke when refined does not release the heavy metals as volatiles or emissions.
Depending on the petroleum feed stock used, the composition of petcoke may vary but the main thing is that it is primarily carbon.
In raw form hydrogen can have a weight range of 3. Through process of thermal processing the composition in weight is reduced with the volatile matter and sulfur being emitted. Other heavy metals found can be found with in petcoke as impurities due to that some of these metals come in after processing as volatile. Fuel-grade coke is classified as either sponge coke or shot coke morphology.
While oil refiners have been producing coke for over years, the mechanisms that cause sponge coke or shot coke to form are not well understood and cannot be accurately predicted.
In general, lower temperatures and higher pressures promote sponge coke formation.Volleyball national qualifiers 2020
Additionally, the amount of heptane insolubles present and the fraction of light components in the coker feed contribute. While its high heat and low ash content make it a decent fuel for power generation in coal-fired boilerspetroleum coke is high in sulfur and low in volatile content, and this poses environmental and technical problems with its combustion.
Fluidized bed combustion is commonly used to burn petroleum coke.
Gasification is increasingly used with this feedstock often using gasifiers placed in the refineries themselves.
Calcined petroleum coke CPC is the product from calcining petroleum coke. This coke is the product of the coker unit in a crude oil refinery.
The calcined petroleum coke is used to make anodes for the aluminiumsteel and titanium smelting industry. The green coke must have sufficiently low metal content to be used as anode material. Green coke with this low metal content is called anode-grade coke.This is a trick question, right? If your question was 'how much would a "full" gallon bag of uncrushed aluminum cans weigh, if given that a "full" gallon bag of crushed cans weighs pounds', then the question becomes a bit more meaningful.
But in that case, we come to the aspect of - "just how 'crushed' ARE the cans in question? How are the "now crushed" aluminum cans placed into the bag?
Believe it or not, these factors would have a 'great' influence on the results. So for a 'full' non-crushed bag, divide the pounds by 3, and we get your 'rough estimated' answer: pounds. Trending News.
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Answer Save. Mike Lv 7. How much does one can weigh? How many crushed cans will fit in the bag? Still have questions? Get your answers by asking now.Log in or Sign up. Hip Forums. How much does 1 gram weigh?
It really depends on potency.Fun apis
But don't expect anybody to take you seriously when you ask how much 1 gram weighs. What makes you so sure that it is pure? I suppose Miami would be great for smuggling because it is on the ocean. THCsetmefreeMar 14, I know its pure, cuz I tried it. It was actually, very good. Raw Im a give it to ya, with no trivia raw like cocaine from Bolivia. SenseiJun 3, PsychMykeJun 4, BTW even the purest coke is crap To each in his own i suppose, but i hate the shit, and i cant stop doing it Around here I keep hearing 50 a Gram and an 8ball but who knows how cut it is.
JuavojuanaJun 10, In Memphis, where a lot of coke comes through from Mexico to the north and up from New Oleans and so on. A bird is slang for a kilo in Memphis and every other city I have been too, never heard an ounce being called a bird.
ScottDKJul 13, I live in FL and there is still dirt here to it is all depending who you know i know the right ppl because its always fish scale chunk for good prices. JarrodCOct 14, Houston I just got 5 grams of some really nice decent stuff. This is the third time I've used this supplier and everything I have gotten has never disappointed so far! Timothy FordAug 6, You must log in or sign up to reply here. Show Ignored Content. Share This Page Tweet. Your name or email address: Do you already have an account?
Coke cans are made mostly of lightweight aluminum and weigh about half an ounce. How big are the cans? I have seen 2,7 fl. The 16 oz. Coke cans did not exist in Coke was first sold in cans in The best way to turn in these cans is to collect them for awhile and bring them in by the garbage bag.
Mrs Smith has nine children half of them are girls. Have you ever crashed a wedding or had your wedding crashed, if so what happened? Is management an instinct or a set of skills and techniques that can be taught?
When two or more objects are added as listeners for the same event which listener is invoked first to handle the event? Is best defined as the total weight of persons gear equipment stores fuel and motor assembly found on a vessel? What are some of the contradictory forces you are aware of in your life that make sexual development difficult? All Rights Reserved. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply.
Weight and Mass. Top Answer. Wiki User Related Questions. How much does an empty coke can weigh? How much does cans of coke cost? This would depend on how much one can of coke costs.Which of the following is characteristic of a lipid fat
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Cocaine Prices: How Much Is a Gram of Coke?
Bout 8. Just buy a scale already dude. Man I thought this was gonna be like one of those guess the number of jelly beans in the jar thread. If I can find my camera I will post a weed weight guessing contest thread. Is the thread not pointless unless the user were to have some scale or other? Without scales knowing the weight of a bag will mean nothing, unless he's weighing in ASDA and can't get away with taking it out of the bag.
And if he did, then it would render the thread pointless as well.This is somewhat misleading. Although a kilo does weigh out to be about 2. This doesn't mean that it weighs two pounds and two ounces. A kilo actually weighs 2 pounds and about 3. The standard package weight of cocaine is one kilogram and then is later broken into smaller weights for sale and consumption. Sometimes large seizures of cocaine take place, where a ton or several tons of cocaine are seized. This is especially common when a seizure takes place at sea by the military such as the Coast Guard.
Cocaine will usually be packed into large sacks where many individual kilograms are inside. Almost the entire world uses the International System of Units, commonly known as the "Metric System". Instead of Kilograms, people in the U.
Weight of Petroleum coke
Instead of grams, they use ounces. This leads to an interesting mixture of the metric system in terms of drug dealing. Most lower level drug dealers and users do not know that a kilogram has 1, grams in it. In fact, many law enforcement officials don't know this either but most everybody has at least some familiarity with the term "Kilo". Typically, a lower level drug dealer in the United States will deal in ounce level quantities of cocaine.
At this lower level, the amount purchased and sold will deal with the term "ounce". Not all, but most will start purchasing quantities that are referred to their metric system weights.
This level would equate to be about grams 8. From this level on up, the terms quarter kilo, half kilo, whole kilo, etc; are commonly spoken. Since a kilogram of cocaine is an exact 1, grams it actually makes more sense for a drug dealer to use the metric system. The math in order to determine profit margins are more easily understood when using the metric system.
This is easy math when you really think about it. If you do this type of math in the non-metric system such as ounces then your ability to determine profit is going to be harder because you are actually going to have to convert ounces to grams or vice versa.
If everything were done in the metric system then things would be much simpler.Do you think you know the weight of a pack of soda?
Crunching some numbers reveals that a pack of soda is about 10 pounds in weight. This number is derived by estimating the weight of 12 aluminum cans, the weight of the soda within the cans and plastic or cardboard packaging holding the cans.
When added together, these three elements weigh about 10 pounds. Each can of soda contains 12 ounces of soda. Multiply that out for 12 cans of soda and you reach ounces of soda combined. C an and Packaging. Next up is the average weight of an aluminum can. C ardboard Packaging. Soda in pack configurations are usually contained in a cardboard box packaging. This type of packaging protects the cans from puncturing during shipment, allows the brand to be present on the packaging and protects the cans from direct sunlight.
P lastic Packaging. Note in the photo above that stretchable plastic is used to enclose the cans. This material is lighter than cardboard and still protects the soda from direct sunlight. R ings Packaging. Retailers can also buy pack rings for 12 cans of soda for a convenient carry case.
And with the global effort to curb wasteful plastic use, some large beverage companies are reverting to smaller cardboard can holders. L ower Soda Consumption. One of the key reasons is that more Americans are mindful of the extra sugar in their diet that comes from drinking carbonated soda.
Inone enterprising man began an experiment that tested how drinking 10 Cokes a day for one month might affect his weight and overall health.Timer for quiz
Interestingly, the same guy undertook a similar experiment in by drinking 10 Diet Cokes a day for one month. The results were vastly different; he experienced no weight gain, no increase in the measure of his blood glucose and no increase in blood pressure. Home World View.
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